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情态动词表推测练习

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Unit8 情态动词表推测 一、用 must ,can/could,may/might, need, should 等表 推测, 中考常见考点有: 1.Must 可能性最大 100% ,只能用于肯定句的推测, 2.Can/could 可能性次之, 一般用于否定句或者疑问句中的猜测, 意为 “不可能”或者“可能吗”,can’t 可能性 0%. 3.May /might 可能性较小, 一般用于否定句或肯定句的猜测 “可能” 二、情态动词表推测常用句型 1.对现在事实的推测 情态动词+do sth 如 He must be at home now. 2.对过去的事情推测 情态动词+have done 如 He may have finished his homework. 3.对正在进行的事情推测 情态动词+be doing 如 The baby must be crying. 4.there be 句型的推测 there must be„„ 如 There must be a river over there. 三. Must 提问的回答 A:Must I do„„.? B: Yes, you must. No, you needn’t/you don’t have to 四.在反意疑问句中,当附属部分有推测意义的情态动 词时,疑问部分应根据情态动词后面的情况来判断。

如 He must be a worker, isn’t he 用 must,may,might,may not 和 can't+do 或 be e.g.She must be at home now. The boy may play now. 推测用 must,may,might,may not 和 can't+have done

e.g.She might have been ill yesterday. He must have hold the party. 情态动词 must, can, could, may, might 表推测的用法 情态动词中的 must, can, could, may, might 都表推测。

其中 must 的可能性最大,can / could 次之,may / might 最小。

具体用法如下: 2.can / could 的用法 (1)can 表示推测“可能性”时,往往用于否定句或 疑问句。

(2)may, might 表推测时,可以用于否定句,意思是 “可能不、也许不” ,但不用于疑问句。

一 情态动词表示推测的用法及练习(must/can’ t/may might could) ________ 表 示 一 定 ;______ 表 示 可 能;______ 表示不可能 二 以 Must I „ „ 开 头 的 句 子 ; 肯 定 回 答 : Yes,you______ 否 定 回 答 : No,you ______ _____ ____/ No,you________. 1.―Whose notebook is this? ―It _______ Jim’s. It has his name on it.(2012 贵州) A. can’t be B. must be C. can be 2. —Is that your teacher? —That _____ be Mr. Wang. He has gone to Japan with his wife (2012 甘肃) A. can’t B. mustn’t C. may not 3. —Is Maria knocking at the door? (2012 湖北) —It ______ be her. She is in Australia now. A. may not B. needn't C. mustn't D. can't 4. — Is Jim coming by train? (2012 四川凉山) —I’m not sure. He_____ drive his car. A. must B. may C. need 5. —I think the man over there must be Bob. —it____ be him. he has ____ to Australia. (2011 山东) A. can’t;gone B. can’t; been C. may not;been D. mustn’t; gone

6 –Is Mr. Brown driving here? (2008·安徽中考) -I’m not sure. He _______ come by train. A. may B. shall C. need D. must 7 _______ I finish my homework now? --- No,you_____.Your work is over today. A Can’t;must B Must;don’t have to C May couldn’t D Couldn’t;could 1 John___ come to see us tonight, but he isn't very sure yet. A. may B. need C. can’t D. must 2 John isn’t in the classroom. He _______ play soccer on the playground with Bob. A. can B. must C. should D. can’t 3 That _______not be her husband . She is still single. A. may B.can C. could D. might 4 You___ go and see a doctor at once because you got a fever. A. can B. must C. dare D. would 5 -Can you speak Japanese? -No, I____. A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't D. may not 6 -He___ be in the classroom, I think. -No, he ___ be in the classroom. I saw him go home a minute ago. A can; may not B. must; may not C. may; can't D. may; mustn't 7 -Is Lena swimming in the pool? -No, she swim. She is terrif of water. A. may not B. must not C. can't D. needn't 8 He isn't at school. I think he ___ be ill. A. can B. shall C. must D. might 9 -What do you think “upset” means? - I’m not sure. It mean “sad”. A may B. must C. can D. should

10 The children___ play football on the road. A can't B. can C. mustn't D. must 11.The road is wet . It ______last night. A must rain B must have rained C could have rained D can have rained 12.He ______you more help , even though he was busy . A might have given B might not give C may not have given D may give

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